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Mark Twain (Samuel L. Clemens)
(1835-1910)


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Works | Bio-Bibliographical Note | Acknowledgements | Usage

Mark Twain (Samuel L. Clemens)'s Works

  • A Conneticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court
  • Huckleberry Finn
  • Innocents Abroad
  • The Tragedy of Pudd'nhead Wilson
  • Roughing It
  • Tom Sawyer

  • A Bio-bibliographical note about Mark Twain (Samuel L. Clemens)

    "Mark Twain was born Samuel Langhorne Clemens in Missouri in November 1835. His family settled in Hannibal, a small township on the Mississippi. After his father's death in 1847 Clemens left school to become a printer's apprentice, working on the Missouri Courier. From 1853 he travelled widely as a journeyman printer in the East and Middle West, but gave this up in 1857 in favour of becoming a steamboat pilot after a trip down the Mississippi.

    "The outbreak of Civil War in 1861 brought an end to all river traffic and Clemens went on to spend time as an army volunteer, a gold prospector in Nevada, a timber prospector and a journalist. He first adopted the pseudonym 'Mark Twain' (a boating term meaning two fathoms) in 1863, as the signature to a humorous travel letter. His first major book, The Innocents Abroad based on his travels in Europe and the Holy Lands appeared in 1869.

    "In 1870 he married Olivia Langdon and settled the following year in Connecticut. It was during this time that he wrote many of his best books; Roughing It, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Life on the Mississippi, a superbly evocative memoir, and his masterpiece, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. A heavy investment in an unperfected typesetting machine drove him to bankruptcy in 1894. In order to try and restore his finances he set out on a world-wide lecture tour but while abroad his beloved daughter Suzy died. His later writing reflects these disasters with its increasing irony and bitterness.

    "Mark Twain died in 1910."

    Source: Penguin Web Site (http://www.futurenet.co.uk/Penguin/Authors/614.html) Accessed 10 June 1997.


    Credits and Acknowledgements

    The University of Toronto English Library is a project of the Department of English and the Faculty of Arts and Science, funded by the Provost's Electronic Courseware Fund. UTEL was created by Ian Lancashire, Christopher Douglas, and Dennis G. Jerz. We wish to thank the University of Toronto Information Commons, and the members of the Centre for Academic Technology, especially John Bradley, Ian Graham, and Allen Forsyth. See individual Works pages for other credits.

    The author photograph was taken in London in 1896 or 1897. (Source: Justin Kaplan. Mark Twain and His World. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1974. Page 173. PS 1331 K325 1974 ROBA.)


    Usage

    Permission is hereby given to copy the HTML version of poems, plays and novels in the University of Toronto English Library for non-commercial educational uses; that is, for teaching, research, and study, as long as copyright information is not removed from any University of Toronto English Library On-line file and as long as no charge is made for use of the collection.


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